Understanding the Limitations of Circulating Cell Free Fetal DNA: An Example of Two Unique Cases

Cecily A. Clark-Ganheart, Sara N. Iqbal, Donna L. Brown, Susan Black, Melissa H. Fries


Circulating cell free fetal DNA (cffDNA) is an effective screening modality for fetal aneuploidy. We report two cases of false positive results. The first case involves a female, with self-reported Down syndrome. CffDNA returned positive for trisomy 18 leading to a maternal diagnosis of mosaicism chromosome 18 with normal fetal karyotype. The second case involves a patient with an anomalous fetal ultrasound and cffDNA positive for trisomy 13. Amniocentesis demonstrated a chromosome 8p duplication/deletion. False positive cffDNA may arise in clinical scenarios where diagnostic testing is clearly indicated. Practitioners should recognize the limitations of cffDNA.

J Clin Gynecol Obstet. 2014;3(2):68-70
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jcgo229w


Prenatal diagnosis; Cell free fetal DNA; Fetal anomalies

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